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Context of the Problem

Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) provides an effective method for resolving disputes outside of court litigation, with the assistance of an ADR practitioner such as a certified mediator. ADR is generally faster, less expensive, and more cooperative compared to traditional litigation (Mallya, 2023).


Studies throughout Africa have shown that ADR has helped women in particular access justice (Atua, 2013; Uwazie, 2011). However, in Tanzania, over 3 million people with disabilities face challenges in accessing legal information, including the benefits of ADR (United Republic of Tanzania, 2012).


Despite Tanzania's efforts to promote ADR, people with disabilities have been excluded due to a lack of accommodation and communication support. Considering the multiple challenges that people with disabilities face, ADR can play a crucial role in safeguarding their rights to justice and inclusion in society.

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